<ArticleSet>
<Article>
<Journal>
<PublisherName>Trauma Research Center</PublisherName>
<JournalTitle>Bulletin of Emergency And Trauma</JournalTitle>
<Issn>2322-2522</Issn>
<Volume>5</Volume>
<Issue>3 JUL</Issue>
<PubDate>
<Year>2017</Year>
<Month>07</Month>
<Day>01</Day>
</PubDate>
</Journal>
<ArticleTitle>Otolaryngological Presentations in Times of Terror: Profile from a Tertiary Health Center in North-Central Nigeria</ArticleTitle>
<FirstPage>408</FirstPage>
<LastPage>408</LastPage>
<Language>EN</Language>
<AuthorList>
<Author>
<FirstName>Adeyi</FirstName>
<MiddleName>A.</MiddleName>
<LastName>Adoga</LastName>
<Affiliation>University of Jos. adeyiadoga@gmail.com</Affiliation>
</Author>
<Author>
<FirstName>Daniel</FirstName>
<MiddleName>D.</MiddleName>
<LastName>Kokong</LastName>
</Author>
<Author>
<FirstName>Kenneth</FirstName>
<MiddleName>N.</MiddleName>
<LastName>Ozoilo</LastName>
</Author>
</AuthorList>
<History>
<PubDate>
<Year>2017</Year>
<Month>01</Month>
<Day>14</Day>
</PubDate>
<PubDate>
<Year>2017</Year>
<Month>04</Month>
<Day>10</Day>
</PubDate>
<PubDate>
<Year>2017</Year>
<Month>02</Month>
<Day>26</Day>
</PubDate>
</History>
<Abstract>Objectives: To report the incidence, socio-demographic characteristics, otorhinolaryngological presentations and outcomes of management of patients at the Jos University Teaching Hospital following terror attacks.Methods: A prospective descriptive hospital based study of consecutive patients presenting with ear, nose and throat injuries as a result of bomb blasts and ethno-religious crises within a six-year period and managed at the Jos University Teaching Hospital were studied for age, gender, ear, nose and throat presentations, injury mechanism, interventions and outcome of interventions. A designed proforma was used for data collection.Results: There were 107 ear, nose and throat injuries from a total 468 terror-related injuries consisting of 66 (61.7%) males and 41 (38.3%) females (M:F ratio of 1.6:1), aged between 5 and 77 years (mean= 36.7 years; SD= +/- 16.2). Two peak age incidences of injuries in the first and third decades were recorded. The commonest source of injuries was bomb blasts in 47 (44%) patients. Multiple facial fractures with soft tissue injuries were the commonest seen in 78 (72.9%) patients. The commonest associated injuries were head injuries (n= 36). Ninety-four (87.9%) patients presented via the Accident and Emergency department, 16 (15%) received pre-hospital care. Patients with multiple injuries stayed longer in the hospital (p-value= 0.028). Complications were recorded in 19 (17.8%) patients. A case fatality rate of 5.6% was recorded.Conclusion: Bomb blasts were the major form of terror attacks in our region. The presence of multiple injuries is a significant negative predictor of patient outcomes.</Abstract>
<ObjectList>
<Object>
<Param>Ear</Param>
</Object>
<Object>
<Param>Nose</Param>
</Object>
<Object>
<Param>Throat</Param>
</Object>
<Object>
<Param>Injuries</Param>
</Object>
<Object>
<Param>Terror</Param>
</Object>
<Object>
<Param>Jos-Nigeria.</Param>
</Object>
</ObjectList>
</Article>
</ArticleSet>