<ArticleSet>
<Article>
<Journal>
<PublisherName>Trauma Research Center</PublisherName>
<JournalTitle>Bulletin of Emergency And Trauma</JournalTitle>
<Issn>2322-2522</Issn>
<Volume>6</Volume>
<Issue>1 JAN</Issue>
<PubDate>
<Year>2018</Year>
<Month>01</Month>
<Day>01</Day>
</PubDate>
</Journal>
<ArticleTitle>Characteristics of the Traumatic Forensic Cases Admitted To Emergency Department and Errors in the Forensic Report Writing</ArticleTitle>
<FirstPage>64</FirstPage>
<LastPage>70</LastPage>
<Language>EN</Language>
<AuthorList>
<Author>
<FirstName>Nurettin</FirstName>
<LastName>Aktas</LastName>
<Affiliation>. nurettinaktas@gmai.com</Affiliation>
</Author>
<Author>
<FirstName>Umut</FirstName>
<LastName>Gulacti</LastName>
</Author>
<Author>
<FirstName>Ugur</FirstName>
<LastName>Lok</LastName>
</Author>
<Author>
<FirstName>Irfan</FirstName>
<LastName>Aydin</LastName>
</Author>
<Author>
<FirstName>Tayfun</FirstName>
<LastName>Borta</LastName>
</Author>
<Author>
<FirstName>Murat</FirstName>
<LastName>Celik</LastName>
</Author>
</AuthorList>
<History>
<PubDate>
<Year>2017</Year>
<Month>06</Month>
<Day>22</Day>
</PubDate>
<PubDate>
<Year>2017</Year>
<Month>10</Month>
<Day>26</Day>
</PubDate>
<PubDate>
<Year>2017</Year>
<Month>10</Month>
<Day>24</Day>
</PubDate>
</History>
<Abstract>Objective: To identify errors in forensic reports and to describe the characteristics of traumatic medico-legal cases presenting to the emergency department (ED) at a tertiary care hospital.Methods: This study is a retrospective cross-sectional study. The study includes cases resulting in a forensic report among all traumatic patients presenting to the ED of Adiyaman University Training and Research Hospital, Adiyaman, Turkey during a 1-year period. We recorded the demographic characteristics of all the cases, time of presentation to the ED, traumatic characteristics of medico-legal cases, forms of suicide attempt, suspected poisonous substance exposure, the result of follow-up and the type of forensic report.Results: A total of 4300 traumatic medico-legal cases were included in the study and 72% of these cases were male. Traumatic medico-legal cases occurred at the greatest frequency in July (10.1%) and 28.9% of all cases occurred in summer. The most frequent causes of traumatic medico-legal cases in the ED were traffic accidents (43.4%), violent crime (30.5%), and suicide attempt (7.2%). The most common method of attempted suicide was drug intake (86.4%). 12.3% of traumatic medico-legal cases were hospitalized and 24.2% of those hospitalized were admitted to the orthopedics service. The most common error in forensic reports was the incomplete recording of the patient's “cooperation” status (82.7%). Additionally, external traumatic lesions were not defined in 62.4% of forensic reports.Conclusion: The majority of traumatic medico-legal cases were male age 18-44 years, the most common source of trauma was traffic accidents and in the summer months. When writing a forensic report, emergency physicians made mistakes in noting physical examination findings and identifying external traumatic lesions. Physicians should make sure that the traumatic medico-legal patients they treat have adequate documentation for reference during legal proceedings. The legal duties and responsibilities of physicians should be emphasized with in-service training.</Abstract>
<ObjectList>
<Object>
<Param>Medico-legal case</Param>
</Object>
<Object>
<Param>Forensic reports</Param>
</Object>
<Object>
<Param>Trauma</Param>
</Object>
<Object>
<Param>Emergency department</Param>
</Object>
</ObjectList>
</Article>
</ArticleSet>