<ArticleSet>
<Article>
<Journal>
<PublisherName>Trauma Research Center</PublisherName>
<JournalTitle>Bulletin of Emergency And Trauma</JournalTitle>
<Issn>2322-2522</Issn>
<Volume>6</Volume>
<Issue>1 JAN</Issue>
<PubDate>
<Year>2018</Year>
<Month>01</Month>
<Day>01</Day>
</PubDate>
</Journal>
<ArticleTitle>The Frequency of Brain CT-Scan Findings in Patients with Scalp Lacerations Following Mild Traumatic Brain Injury; A Cross-Sectional Study</ArticleTitle>
<FirstPage>54</FirstPage>
<LastPage>58</LastPage>
<Language>EN</Language>
<AuthorList>
<Author>
<FirstName>Hadid</FirstName>
<LastName>Hamrah</LastName>
<Affiliation>. sarah_mehrvarz@yahoo.com</Affiliation>
</Author>
<Author>
<FirstName>Sarah</FirstName>
<LastName>Mehrvarz</LastName>
</Author>
<Author>
<FirstName>Amir Mohammad</FirstName>
<LastName>Mirghassemi</LastName>
</Author>
</AuthorList>
<History>
<PubDate>
<Year>2017</Year>
<Month>09</Month>
<Day>01</Day>
</PubDate>
<PubDate>
<Year>2017</Year>
<Month>121</Month>
<Day>01</Day>
</PubDate>
<PubDate>
<Year>2017</Year>
<Month>11</Month>
<Day>30</Day>
</PubDate>
</History>
<Abstract>Objective: To determine the frequency of the brain CT-scan findings in patients with mild traumatic brain injury (TBI) and scalp lacerations.Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted during a 1-year period from March 2016 to March 2017 in Level I trauma center in Shiraz, Southern Iran. We included all the adult patients (≥18 years) admitted to our emergency room with mild TBI (GCS on admission of 15) and scalp lacerations. All the patients underwent Brain CT-Scan and the scans were reviewed by two radiologists who were unaware of the patients’ clinical findings. The results are reported as proportions and frequencies.Results: Overall we included a total number of 94 patients with minimal TBI who had a scalp laceration on admission. The mean age of the patients was 30.78 ± 8.01 (ranging from 18 to 47) years. There were 58 (61.7%) men and 36 (38.3%) women among the patients. The most common finding of the Brain CT-Scan was subgaleal hematoma in 76 (80.9%) patients followed by base skull base fracture in 7 (7.4%), linear skull fracture in 7 (7.4%), brain contusion in 3 (3.2%) and subdural hematoma in 1 (1.1%). Conclusion: The results of the current study indicate that scalp lacerations are associated with intracranial injuries in about 20% of the patients with mild TBI. Thus brain CT-scan is recommended in all the patients with mild TBI and scalp lacerations.</Abstract>
<ObjectList>
<Object>
<Param>Traumatic Brain Injury</Param>
</Object>
<Object>
<Param>Minimal</Param>
</Object>
<Object>
<Param>Scalp Laceration</Param>
</Object>
<Object>
<Param>Brain CT-Scan</Param>
</Object>
<Object>
<Param>Subdural hematoma</Param>
</Object>
</ObjectList>
</Article>
</ArticleSet>