<ArticleSet>
<Article>
<Journal>
<PublisherName>Trauma Research Center</PublisherName>
<JournalTitle>Bulletin of Emergency And Trauma</JournalTitle>
<Issn>2322-2522</Issn>
<Volume>6</Volume>
<Issue>4 OCT</Issue>
<PubDate>
<Year>2018</Year>
<Month>09</Month>
<Day>29</Day>
</PubDate>
</Journal>
<ArticleTitle>Antimicrobial Survey of Local Herbal Drugs against Acinetobacter baumannii Isolated from Patients Admitted to a Level-I Trauma Center</ArticleTitle>
<FirstPage>651</FirstPage>
<LastPage>651</LastPage>
<Language>EN</Language>
<AuthorList>
<Author>
<FirstName>Hossein</FirstName>
<LastName>Abdolrahimzadeh</LastName>
<Affiliation>Shiraz University of Medical Sciences. dr.h.a.fard@gmail.com</Affiliation>
</Author>
<Author>
<FirstName>Shahram</FirstName>
<LastName>Bolandparvaz</LastName>
</Author>
<Author>
<FirstName>Hamid Reza</FirstName>
<LastName>Abbasi</LastName>
</Author>
<Author>
<FirstName>Maryam</FirstName>
<LastName>Dehghankhalili</LastName>
</Author>
<Author>
<FirstName>Shahram</FirstName>
<LastName>Paydar</LastName>
</Author>
<Author>
<FirstName>Amirreza</FirstName>
<LastName>Dehghanian</LastName>
</Author>
<Author>
<FirstName>Salar</FirstName>
<MiddleName>Hafez</MiddleName>
<LastName>Ghoran</LastName>
</Author>
<Author>
<FirstName>Mojtaba</FirstName>
<LastName>Asadollahi</LastName>
</Author>
<Author>
<FirstName>Mehdi</FirstName>
<LastName>Zare</LastName>
</Author>
</AuthorList>
<History>
<PubDate>
<Year>2018</Year>
<Month>05</Month>
<Day>13</Day>
</PubDate>
<PubDate>
<Year>2018</Year>
<Month>07</Month>
<Day>29</Day>
</PubDate>
<PubDate>
<Year>2018</Year>
<Month>07</Month>
<Day>22</Day>
</PubDate>
</History>
<Abstract>Objective: To determine the antimicrobial activity and entity of several local herbal plants against Acintobacters isolated from trauma patients admitted to a Level-I trauma center.Methods: The antibacterial activities of the Satureja bachtiarica oil and some selected Iranian medicinal plants (Artemisia sieberi and Tanacetum dumosum belonging to the Asteraceae/Compositae; Salvia mirzayanii and Mentha mozaffarianii belonging to the Lamiaceae/Labiatae) were assayed on A. baumannii by microdilution and agar disc diffusion methods. Having obtained the acceptable antibacterial data, the shade-dried aerial parts of the plants were extracted by hydrodistillation method using Clevenger apparatus according to European pharmacopeia for 3 h. The analysis of S. bachtiarica essential oil accompanied by other herbal drug oils were performed by using GC/FID and GC/MS methods.Results: Outcomes revealed that the S. bachtiarica essential oil exhibited the potent antibacterial capability against Acinetobacter strains in comparison with Colistin, as a positive control. For S. bachtiarica, the growth inhibition zone and minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) values were 21 mm and 0.5 mg/ml, while, for Colistin, the data were in order: 8 mm and 0.016 mg/ml. Consequently, GC/MS outcomes demonstrated that the major components of the essence were carvacrol (48.6%), followed by p-Cymene (16.6%), γ-terpinene (6.9%) and linalool (5.3%).Conclusion: Based on the considerable inhibitory activity against nosocomial infections by essential oil of S. bachtiarica, it could be considered as the suitable candidate in the food industry and pharmaceutical uses.</Abstract>
<ObjectList>
<Object>
<Param>Trauma</Param>
</Object>
<Object>
<Param>Acintobacter baumannii</Param>
</Object>
<Object>
<Param>Antibacterial activity</Param>
</Object>
<Object>
<Param>Satureja bachtiarica</Param>
</Object>
<Object>
<Param>Carvacrol</Param>
</Object>
</ObjectList>
</Article>
</ArticleSet>